This month, the Boston Public Health Commission's (BPHC) Injury Prevention Program (IPP) is recognizing Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Awareness Month. Awareness of TBI and its symptoms are crucial for timely care and treatment.
What is TBI?
Traumatic Brain Injury is caused by a blow or jolt to the head or other traumatic injury to the head or body. There are at least 1.7 million cases of TBIs annually, a majority of which are treated in emergency departments. The symptoms of a TBI range from a headache and light sensitivity to memory loss and mood changes. TBIs are classified as mild, moderate or severe. The majority of TBIs that occur are mild and referred to as a concussion. Concussions account for about 75% of cases. The severity of a TBI is determined based on the results of imaging tests and neurological exams. More
Some signs and symptoms of a TBI are:
- Difficulty remembering or concentrating
- Changes in sleep patterns
- Lightheadedness, dizziness, or loss of balance
- Blurred vision
More Information on Symptoms
What are the leading causes of TBI?
Who are those at greatest risk?
Males are more likely than females to suffer a TBI. Children aged 0 - 4 years, 15 -19 year olds and seniors 75 years and older are the age groups that are at highest risk for a TBI.
Ways to prevent or reduce chances of a TBI:
- Remove objects that are in walking paths (i.e. from your bed to the restroom). Secure loose cords and rugs.
- Always make sure that you and your passenger wear seat belts and children are properly restrained. Child Passenger Safety
- Always wear a helmet while riding a bike or participating in other activities with TBI risk, such as skateboarding. BPHC's Injury Prevention Program sells bulk helmet orders at discounted prices.
- Never drive while under the influence of drugs or alcohol.