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Marijuana Health Information


Cannabis is a drug. It is produced by drying out the flower and other parts of the cannabis plant. Cannabis (often called marijuana, among other names) contains chemicals such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). This page provides general information about potential short -and long-term health effects and laws regarding cannabis. If you are looking for resources or support around cannabis or other substance use, please call 311.

HEALTH EFFECTS

Cannabis use will affect each person's health in different ways. A person's age and gender, how the drug is used, and other factors will determine how cannabis affects their health. Use by young people may cause long-term damage to the brain. Long term use of cannabis may increase the risk developing a use disorder, cancer, and have other negative health effects.

Short term effects can include: euphoria, altered senses, changes in mood, impaired body movement, difficulty with thinking and problem solving, decreased/increased anxiety, increased appetite, rapid heartbeat, increased blood pressure, red eyes, paranoia, and hallucinations.

WAYS CANNABIS IS CONSUMED:

Each method of consuming marijuana has its own health and safety risks. 

  • INHALED: Cannabis can be inhaled in different ways. It can be smoked in a joint, pipe, or bong. Cannabis and concentrates can be inhaled using a vaporizer or vape pen. It can also be “dabbed” by heating a cannabis concentrate on a hot surface and inhaling. Smoking cannabis along with tobacco products, like blunts and blunt wraps, introduces chemicals known to cause cancer into the body.
  • EDIBLES: Sometimes marijuana is added to candy, food or drink. The effects of these "marijuana edibles" are felt more slowly making it easier to overuse.
Download a PDF Fact Sheet on Cannabis Health Effects in English or Spanish.
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The following resources were used in developing this webpage's material and may provide additional helpful information about cannabis:

If you are looking for resources or support around cannabis or other substance use, please call 311. 

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