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Marijuana Health Information


Marijuana is a drug. It is produced by drying out the flower and other parts of the cannabis plant. Marijuana contains chemicals such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). This page provides general information about marijuana's potential short -and long-term health effects and the law about marijuana. If you are looking for resources or support around marijuana or other substance use, please call 311.

HEALTH EFFECTS

Marijuana use will affect each person's health in different ways. A person's age and gender, how the drug is used, and other factors will determine how marijuana affects their health. Use by young people may cause long-term damage to the brain. Long term use of marijuana may increase the risk developing a use disorder, cancer, and have other negative health effects.

Short term effects can include: euphoria, altered senses, changes in mood, impaired body movement, difficulty with thinking and problem solving, decreased/increased anxiety, increased appetite, rapid heartbeat, increased blood pressure, red eyes, paranoia, and hallucinations.

WAYS MARIJUANA IS CONSUMED:

Each method of consuming marijuana has its own health and safety risks. 

  • INHALED: Marijuana can be inhaled in different ways. It can be smoked in a joint, pipe, or bong. Marijuana and concentrates can be inhaled using a vaporizer or vape pen. It can also be “dabbed” by heating a marijuana concentrate on a hot surface and inhaling. Smoking marijuana along with tobacco products, like blunts and blunt wraps, introduces chemicals known to cause cancer into the body.
  • EDIBLES: Sometimes marijuana is added to candy, food or drink. The effects of these "marijuana edibles" are felt more slowly making it easier to overuse.
Download a PDF Fact Sheet on Marijuana Health Effects in English or Spanish.
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The following resources were used in developing this webpage's material and may provide additional helpful information about marijuana:

If you are looking for resources or support around marijuana or other substance use, please call 311. 

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