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Aug 20
Vacunas para preadolescentes y los adolescentes


Los preadolescentes y los adolescentes corren el riesgo de contraer enfermedades y necesitan la protección de las vacunas para mantenerlos sanos. Las vacunas para preadolescentes y adolescentes son importantes porque a medida que los niños crecen, la protección contra algunas vacunas infantiles comienza a desaparecer. Algunas vacunas funcionan mejor cuando se administran durante la adolescencia, como la vacuna contra el VPH.

La vacuna contra el VPH protege de las cepas más serias del virus del papiloma humano (también llamado VPH), un grupo de más de 150 virus relacionados que pueden causar verrugas genitales, cáncer de cuello uterino y tumores en la boca y la garganta. Se recomienda a todos los niños de 11 o 12 años que se vacunen contra el VPH. Es mejor si los preadolescentes se vacunan antes de comenzar cualquier tipo de actividad sexual. Otra razón para vacunar a los niños de 11 y 12 años es que la vacuna contra el VPH produce una respuesta inmune más alta en los preadolescentes que en los adolescentes mayores y las mujeres jóvenes. Los niños y niñas adolescentes que no se vacunaron cuando eran más jóvenes y que ya son sexualmente activos todavía pueden vacunarse. Las mujeres jóvenes pueden vacunarse contra el VPH hasta los 26 años y los hombres jóvenes pueden vacunarse hasta los 21 años. La vacuna también se recomienda para hombres jóvenes con sistemas inmunes comprometidos (incluido el VIH) o cualquier hombre joven que tenga relaciones sexuales con hombres hasta los 26 años si no recibieron la vacuna contra el VPH cuando eran más jóvenes.

Si su hijo tiene 14 años o menos, solo necesitará dos dosis de la vacuna contra el VPH con un intervalo de seis a doce meses. Si las dos dosis tienen menos de cinco meses de diferencia, se requerirá una tercera dosis. Si su hijo es mayor de 14 años de edad, necesitarán tres dosis administradas durante 6 meses. Todavía se recomiendan tres dosis para las personas con sistemas inmunes debilitados entre las edades de 9 a 26.

Para más información sobre las vacunas, visite http://www.bphc.org/IDB.  #NIAM18


Aug 20
Ensure a Healthy Future with Vaccines


Preteens and teens are at risk for diseases and need the protection of vaccines to keep them healthy. The vaccines for preteens and teens are important because as kids get older, protection from some childhood vaccines begins to wear off. Some vaccines work better when given during adolescence such as the HPV vaccine.

The HPV vaccine protects from the most serious strains of human papillomavirus (also called HPV), a group of more than 150 related viruses that can cause genital warts, cervical cancer, and tumors in the mouth and throat. All children who are 11 or 12 years old are encouraged to get the HPV vaccine. It is best if preteens get vaccinated before they begin any type of sexual activity.  Another reason to vaccinate 11 and 12 year olds is because the HPV vaccine produces a higher immune response in preteens than it does in older teens and young women. Teen boys and girls who did not get the vaccine when they were younger and are already sexually active can still get vaccinated. Young women can get the HPV vaccine through age 26, and young men can get vaccinated through age 21. The vaccine is also recommended for young men with compromised immune systems (including HIV) or any young man who has sex with men through age 26, if they did not get the HPV vaccine when they were younger.

 

If your child is 14 years old or younger, he/she will only need two doses of the HPV vaccine six to twelve months apart. If the two doses are less than five months apart, a third dose will be required. If your child is older than 14 years of age, they will need three doses given over 6 months. Three doses are still recommended for people with weakened immune systems between the ages of 9- 26. 

Talk to your healthcare provider to make sure your child's vaccines are up to date. #NIAM18

Aug 15
Boston Biosafety Commitee Meeting Notice

​The Boston Public Health Commission (BPHC) is holding a meeting of the Boston Biosafety Committee, an advisory group appointed by BPHC'sExecutive Director under the BPHC Biological Laboratory Regulation.  

The meeting will take place on Monday, August 20th, 2018 from 5:30 PM - 7:30 PM,  at 1010 Massachusetts Avenue, 2nd Floor, Hayes Conference Room.


Aug 13
Vacunas para niños

​Las vacunas pueden ayudar a mantener protegidos a los bebés y niños pequeños de muchas enfermedades. Antes de los 2 años de edad, los niños son vacunados contra 14 enfermedades muy graves. Algunos podrían pensar que las enfermedades como el sarampión y la varicela son problemas del pasado, pero estas enfermedades todavía existen hoy. Las vacunas pueden ayudar a proteger a sus hijos de estas enfermedades si están expuestos en casa o en la escuela. Mantenga a su hijo sano y seguro, asegure de que esté al día con sus vacunas.


En Massachusetts, los niños necesitan ser vacunados para ir a la guardería, la escuela, los campamentos y la universidad. Es importante que los niños sean vacunados a tiempo. Hable con su proveedor de atención médica para asegurarse de que su hijo este al día con sus vacunas.

Para más información sobre las vacunas, visite http://www.bphc.org/IDB.  #NIAM18


Aug 13
Immunizations for Children

Vaccines can protect children from 14 serious diseases before they turn 2! It's easy to think of these as diseases of the past. But the truth is they still exist. Children in the United States can—and do—still get some of these diseases. ​

Infographic: recommended immunizations for children

Vaccinate your children! Vaccines are safe and play an important role in keeping children healthy. Whether your child is home or on vacation, if he/she has been vaccinated and is exposed to one of these preventable diseases, they will be protected. Furthermore, did you know that in Massachusetts, proof of immunization is required for children to attend daycare, school, and even college? Talk to your child's health care provider to make sure your child's vaccinations are up to date!

To learn more about vaccines, visit Vaccination Myths and Facts. #NIAM18


Aug 06
Mes nacional de concientización sobre la immunización: Protéjase y pase la protección a su bebé.


¡Vacunas para mujeres embarazadas puede ayudar a mantener a la familia saludable! Esta lista contiene las 7 cosas más importante que usted debe de saber sobre las vacunas y las mujeres embarazadas.  

# 1. La vacuna no solamente es protección para usted: las vacunas durante el embarazo también le están dando protección a su bebé.

  • Cuando obtiene algunas vacunas mientras está embarazada, su cuerpo produce anticuerpos protectores (proteínas producidas por el cuerpo para combatir enfermedades) y algunos de estos anticuerpos son transmitidos a su bebé.

# 2. Si queda embarazada nuevamente, necesitará vacunas de nuevo.

  • Para asegurarse de darle al bebé número 2 (y 3 y 4) la mayor cantidad posible de anticuerpos protectores y la mejor protección posible contra la enfermedad, necesitará vacunarse contra la tos ferina cada vez que esté embarazada. También debe vacunarse contra la gripe una vez cada temporada de influenza.

# 3. ¿Intentando concebir? ¡Asegúrate de que tus vacunas estén actualizadas!

  • Hable con su proveedor de atención médica para asegurarse de estar al día con sus vacunas, especialmente la vacuna MMR (sarampión, paperas, rubéola). La rubéola puede ser muy peligrosa durante el embarazo ya que puede causar abortos espontáneos o defectos de nacimiento graves.

# 4. Las vacunas maternas son muy seguras ... para usted y su bebe.

  • La CDC continuamente está monitorizando la seguridad de las vacunas. Los efectos secundarios más comunes reportados por las vacunas son leves (enrojecimiento, hinchazón, sensibilidad en el sitio donde se administró la inyección).

# 5. La tos ferina puede ser peligrosa para su bebé y es posible que ni siquiera sepa que la tiene.

  • La tos ferina puede ser grave para cualquier persona, pero para su recién nacido puede ser potencialmente mortal. Hasta 20 bebés mueren cada año en los Estados Unidos debido a la tos ferina.

# 6. Enfermarse con la gripe cuando está embarazada puede provocar complicaciones graves en el embarazo.

  • La gripe puede aumentar las posibilidades de que su bebé tenga problemas serios, incluso puede causar un parto prematuro.

# 7. ¡Tiempo lo es todo!

  • La CDC recomienda vacunarse contra la gripe antes de finales de octubre, si es posible. Este momento ayuda a garantizar que esté protegido antes de que la actividad de la gripe comience a aumentar. La CDC también recomienda que mujeres embarazadas se vacunan contra la gripe en el tercer trimestre para que pase la mayor cantidad posible de anticuerpos protectores a su bebé antes del nacimiento.

 

Cuide su salud y la salud de su familia, asegúrese de que sus vacunas estén actualizadas.  


Aug 06
National Immmunization Awareness Month: Protect yourself and pass protection onto your baby.


Vaccines for pregnant women can help keep a growing family healthy! Here are the top 7 things you need to know about vaccines and pregnancy.

#1. You aren't just protecting yourself; during pregnancy, vaccines give your baby some early protection too!

  • When you get some vaccines while you are pregnant, your body will create protective antibodies (proteins produced by the body to fight off diseases) and pass on some of those antibodies to your baby.  

#2. If you get pregnant again, you'll need vaccines again.

  • To make sure you give baby number 2 (and 3 and 4) the greatest number of protective antibodies and the best disease protection possible, you will need to get the whooping cough vaccine each time you are pregnant. You should also get the flu vaccine once each influenza season.

#3. Trying to conceive? Make sure your vaccines are up-to-date!

  • Talk to your healthcare provider to make sure you are up-to-date with your vaccines, especially the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine. Rubella can be very dangerous during pregnancy since it can cause miscarriages or serious birth defects.

#4. Maternal vaccines are very safe…for you and your little one.

  • CDC continually monitors vaccine safety. The most common side effects reported from vaccines are mild (redness, swelling, tenderness at the site where the shot was given).

#5. Whooping cough can be dangerous for your baby, & you may not even know he has it.

  • Whooping cough can be serious for anyone, but for your newborn, it can be life-threatening. Up to 20 babies die each year in the United States due to whooping cough. 

#6. Catching the flu when you are pregnant can lead to serious pregnancy complications.

  • Catching the flu might also increase your chances for serious problems for your baby, including premature labor and delivery.  

#7. Timing is everything!

  • When it comes to vaccines, timing is important. CDC recommends getting vaccinated against the flu by the end of October, if possible.  This timing helps ensure that you are protected before flu activity begins to increase. CDC also recommends you get it in your third trimester so that you pass the greatest number of protective antibodies to your baby before birth.   

 

Keep yourself and your family healthy, make sure your vaccinations are up-to-date! #NIAM18


Jul 28
World Hepatitis Day

Know Hepatitis, Act Now

400 million people worldwide are affected by viral hepatitis and every year, it is estimated that there are 6-10 million new cases. An estimated 95% of people with hepatitis do not know there are infected. That is why it is important that we start talking about hepatitis, what we can do to protect ourselves from this infection, and treatment options.

The most common types of hepatitis include hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis causes the liver to swell, scarring of the liver, and even liver cancer or liver failure.

Are you at risk? graphicHow is hepatitis spread?

The HBV and HCV virus spread when blood or other body fluids containing blood from an infected person enter the body of a person who is not infected.  This can happen through sharing needles or items like toothbrushes and razors, or when infected blood enters through a cut in the skin.  HBV can also spread from an infected mother to her baby during birth or through semen and vaginal fluids during sexual contact. Mother to child transmission and sexual transmission are possible but less common for HCV. HAV spreads primarily by the fecal-oral route, either through person-to-person contact or eating contaminated food or water. 

Talk to a healthcare provider to find out if you need to be tested for hepatitis or if you need to be vaccinated against HAV or HBV. If you don't have a healthcare provider, call the Mayor's Health Line at (617) 534-5050 to help you find a healthcare provider near you. For more information on hepatitis, visit www.bphc.org/AZ.  


Jul 27
CITY OFFICIALS ALERT OF POTENTIAL MEASLES EXPOSURE IN BOSTON

​The Boston Public Health Commission (BPHC) today alerted the public of a potential measles exposure at two Boston locations, after receiving notification of a confirmed case of measles. Anyone who visited the following locations during the specified dates and times could become ill between July 26 and August 10, 2018: 

  • Tasty Burger at 1301 Boylston Street on July 19, 2018 between 7 p.m. - 11 p.m., and
  • Logan Airport Terminal B on July 20, 2018 between 8:30 a.m. and 2:30 p.m. 

Measles is a highly contagious virus that is spread through the air through coughing and sneezing. The virus may remain in the environment for up to two hours after the infectious person has left the area. Exposure can occur even without direct contact with an infectious person.

Early symptoms include a high fever, runny nose, cough, and red eyes. A skin rash usually occurs three to five days later and begins as flat, red spots on the face. If experiencing these symptoms, people are advised to contact their health care provider by phone immediately for further instructions. If a person has had measles in the past or has received two doses of the vaccine, they are unlikely to become ill even if exposed. If they are uncertain of their immunity status, BPHC recommends monitoring for symptoms and contacting their health care provider.

BPHC is working with other health officials on this case and monitoring for potential exposures. BPHC has also reached out to Boston residents to increase awareness about risk of exposure and encourage people who were potentially exposed to call their health care provider by phone for further instructions.

For additional information, please contact BPHC at (617) 534-5611 or http://www.bphc.org/whatwedo/infectious-diseases/Infectious-Diseases-A-to-Z/Pages/Measles.aspx.


Jul 26
BPHC Hosts Ninth Annual Break Up Summit and Premiers Second Season of "THE HALLS"

​The Boston Public Health Commission (BPHC) hosted its ninth Annual Breakup Summit at Simmons College today, bringing together more than 200 teens from across Boston for a discussion about the impact media has in teenage breakups. This year's summit included a screening of the second season of "The Halls," a web series first released in 2014 that aims to address teen dating violence and relationships.

As part of BPHC's Start Strong initiative, the annual "Breakup Summit," designed and led by teenaged peer leaders, seeks to address the time in relationships in which teens are most at risk of experiencing dating violence ­– the breakup. The summit outlined steps teens can take to increase the likelihood of having a respectful split, such as talking in person if the relationship has not involved abuse, sharing positives about the person and the reasons you want to end the relationship, and setting boundaries.

"Navigating the complexities of a relationship is difficult at every stage of a person's life," said Chief of Health and Human Services, Marty Martinez. "Through our Start Strong Program, we are supporting our youth, so they have the tools to participate in meaningful and healthy relationships throughout their teen years and beyond."
 
"The Halls" is a youth-driven project that tells the stories of two couples and a survivor of sexual violence as they navigate trauma, identity, boundaries, consent, and healthy relationships. It was co-founded by the Office on Violence Against Women to address children and youth experiencing domestic and sexual assault, and engage men and boys as allies. In partnership with Beyond Measure Productions and Casa Myrna, BPHC created a web series, discussion guide, and pre- and post-evaluation to provide a coordinated community response that supports child, youth, and young adult victims.   

"As the City's health department, it's important to provide teens with strategies that promote healthy relationships and healthy breakups," said BPHC's Executive Director Monica Valdes Lupi, JD, MPH. "With the first season of 'The Halls,' we attempted to start the difficult conversation of teen dating violence with a fresh approach. We hope this second season will inspire viewers to think about the messages young people receive through the media about how to act in relationships, with the goal of promoting healthy alternatives." 

For many young people, the potential for dating violence is a serious complicating factor in breakups. In 2017, among Boston Public High School students who have dated, 15 percent of females and 10 percent of males experienced physical or sexual dating violence within the past year, according to the Boston Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. While Start Strong aims to equip youth with the skills to prevent such abuse from occurring, the summit is focused on educating teens to understand that even non-abusive relationships can end in an unhealthy manner.

"I like the activities we do at Start Strong because it allows teens to relate to what's going on for our generation," said Rayna, age 17, a second year Start Strong Peer Leader. "I like how our opening skit and web series will help teens understand gender identity gender presentation, and sexuality – as well as giving them advice they wouldn't have access to elsewhere."

At this year's summit, local teens discussed strategies to handle ending relationships in a sensitive, mutually respectful manner, and strengthened communication and conflict resolution skills. Many of the workshops were co-facilitated by high school-aged peer leaders, allowing teens to drive the conversation about how to avoid unhealthy, even abusive, behavior patterns as relationships end.

"The Breakup Summit is fun and a new way to meet people. I look forward to it every year!" said Rianna, age 17, a second year Start Strong Peer Leader at Casa Myrna. "It's something you want to be a part of and as a peer leader, teens turn to us for relationship advice because Start Strong creates content that is fun and not boring."

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Boston Public Health Commission
1010 Massachusetts Ave, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02118.
Phone:(617) 534-5395 Email: info@bphc.org